T metal

1. Why is ΔTmetal < 0?

2. Why is ΔTwater > 0 ?

3. A metal sample weighing 43.5 g and at a temperature of 100.0 °C was placed in 39.9 g of water in a calorimeter at 25.1 °C. At equilibrium, the temperature of the water and metal was 33.5 °C. Determine the specific heat capacity of the metal. You must show work for credit.