Using below as examples, complete the following.
Issue: Legal Drinking Age
Descriptive Argument: Drinking and driving in the United States, as measured by alcohol involvement in fatal crashes in the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), decreased substantially from 1982 to 1998. . . . This decrease was led by young drivers under the age of twenty-one. The number of young drivers in fatal crashes with a positive blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) dropped 61 percent, from 4,393 in 1982 to 1,714 in 1998. While 43 percent of young drivers in fatal crashes had a positive BAC in 1982, only 21 percent did in 1998. . . . Thirty-six states raised their minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) to twenty-one years between 1982 and 1987 so that by 1988, MLDA was in effect in all states. MLDA 21 laws clearly reduced youth drinking and driving by reducing alcohol availability and by establishing the threat of punishment for alcohol use (NHTSA, 2001). Therefore, having a drinking age of twenty-one years saves lives by creating and maintaining a reduction in alcoholrelated motor vehicle fatalities.
Prescriptive Argument: Young men and women under twenty-one years of age are not responsible enough and do not demonstrate enough self-restraint to use alcohol responsibly. One should only use alcohol responsibly. Therefore, the drinking age should remain at twenty-one.
If a person is old enough to vote in public elections, be tried as an adult in capital crimes, or enlist in military service, he or she should be treated as a responsible adult, and responsible adults should have the right to use alcohol. Therefore, the drinking age ought to be eighteen years of age.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA): Traffic Tech. (2001). Decline in youth alcohol-related fatalities attributed to four factors. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/people/outreach/traftech/TT26…
Based on your understanding of descriptive and prescriptive arguments, respond to the following:
- Identify a topic of interest for which arguments of different perspectives can be created.
- Construct one original descriptive argument and one original prescriptive argument for the topic you select.
Support your arguments with scholarly references. Be sure to provide citations for your sources as well as citations for a premise you state to be a fact.
Write your initial response in a total of 200–300 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.